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Earnings call: Vericel reports revenue over $197 million in Q4


Vericel Corporation (NASDAQ:VCEL) has reported a strong financial performance in its fourth-quarter 2023 earnings call, with a 20% increase in full-year revenue to over $197 million. The company’s adjusted EBITDA saw a significant rise of 40% to $34 million.

Looking ahead, Vericel anticipates a continuation of this high revenue growth in 2024, with projections between $237 million and $241 million, driven by its core portfolio, the full-year contribution of NexoBrid, and the expected launch of MACI Arthro in Q3. The company’s net income in Q4 more than doubled to $13 million, and they ended the year with a strong cash position of $152.6 million, with no debt.

Key Takeaways

  • Vericel’s total revenue for 2023 reached over $197 million, a 20% increase year-over-year.
  • MACI revenue grew by 25% to nearly $165 million, and burn care revenue was nearly $33 million.
  • Adjusted EBITDA increased by 40% to $34 million.
  • The 2024 revenue forecast is set between $237 million and $241 million.
  • Net income for Q4 2023 more than doubled to $13 million.
  • The company ended 2023 with $152.6 million in cash, restricted cash, and investments, without any debt.
  • Vericel provided financial guidance for 2024, including a gross margin of approximately 70% and an adjusted EBITDA margin of around 20%.

Company Outlook

  • Vericel expects continued high revenue growth in 2024, driven by the expansion of its surgeon customer base and the anticipated launch of MACI Arthro in Q3.
  • Revenue growth for 2024 is projected to be 20% or more.
  • The company’s financial guidance for 2024 includes expectations of a gross margin of approximately 70% and an adjusted EBITDA margin of around 20%.

Bearish Highlights

  • The company anticipates low double-digit growth for Epicel in 2024, which is lower than last year and pre-COVID years, with potential quarterly volatility.

Bullish Highlights

  • Vericel expects the arthroscopic approval of MACI to be well-received by surgeons and to contribute to faster post-surgical recoveries and improved outcomes.
  • The company plans to charge for disposable instruments used in the arthroscopic procedure, in addition to the implant reimbursement.
  • NexoBrid is expected to contribute to more consistent and predictable revenue growth due to a larger patient population.


  • Specific guidance for NexoBrid in 2024 has not been provided, as it is still early in the product’s launch.

Q&A Highlights

  • The company is focused on maintaining an EBITDA line pull-through and gross margin in the 80% range.
  • A clinical study for MACI ankle is planned for initiation in 2025, with around 200 patients, and is not expected to significantly impact overall expenses.
  • Vericel is expanding their surgeon population for MACI Arthro, which could deepen market penetration.

Vericel Corporation’s earnings call has painted a picture of a company on the rise, with significant financial achievements in 2023 and a positive outlook for 2024. The company’s strategic focus on expanding its product portfolio and surgeon customer base is expected to continue driving revenue growth and profitability. With the anticipated launch of new products and the expansion into new markets, Vericel is positioning itself for sustained success in the years to come.

Full transcript – Aastrom Bioscienc (VCEL) Q4 2023:

Operator: Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by. Welcome to Vericel’s Fourth Quarter 2023 Conference Call. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. I would also like to remind you that this call is being recorded for replay. I will now turn the conference call over to Julie Downs, Vericel’s Head of Corporate Communications.

Julie Downs: Thank you, Operator, and good morning, everyone. Welcome to Vericel’s fourth quarter 2023 conference call to discuss our financial results and business highlights. Before we begin, let me remind you that on today’s call, we will be making forward-looking statements covered under the Private Security Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements may involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations and are described more fully in our filings with the SEC, which are available on our website. In addition, all forward-looking statements represent our views only as of today and should not be relied upon as representing our views as of any subsequent date. Please note that a copy of our fourth quarter financial results press release is available in the Investor Relations section of our website. We also have a short presentation with highlights from today’s call that can be viewed directly on the webcast or accessed on our website. I am joined on this call by Vericel’s President and Chief Executive Officer, Nick Colangelo; and our Chief Financial Officer, Joe Mara. I will now turn the call over to Nick.

Nick Colangelo: Thank you, Julie, and good morning, everyone. I’ll begin today’s call by discussing financial and business highlights for the fourth quarter and full year, as well as our expectations for 2024. Joe will then provide a more detailed update on our 2023 financial results and financial guidance for this year before opening the call to Q&A. The company executed exceptionally well in 2023 and delivered outstanding financial and business results in the fourth quarter, generating top-tier revenue growth and even higher profitability growth. Total revenue for the full year increased 20% to over $197 million, which was at the top end of our guidance range, with MACI revenue growing 25% to nearly $165 million and burn care revenue of nearly $33 million. The company also reached an inflection point with respect to our profitability profile, with bottomline profitability growing at twice the rate of our topline revenue growth as adjusted EBITDA increased 40% to $34 million and we generated over $35 million of operating cash flow, ending the year with approximately $153 million in cash and investments and no debt. The company also had a very strong close to the year, as we generated record total revenue of $65 million in the fourth quarter, an increase of 23% over the prior year. Our strong fourth quarter performance was driven by record quarterly MACI revenue of nearly $7 million — $57 million, which was above the high end of our guidance range and represented more than 50% sequential growth over the third quarter and 22% growth over the fourth quarter of 2022, marking the sixth straight quarter of 20%-plus growth for MACI. This outstanding MACI revenue performance was driven by strong underlying business fundamentals, as we had the highest number of MACI implants — implanting surgeons, surgeons taking biopsies and biopsies in any quarter since launch. We also generated very strong growth in the burn care franchise, as fourth quarter revenue grew 31% over the prior year. Our topline revenue performance drove significant margin expansion and profit growth in the fourth quarter, as we generated gross margin of 75% and adjusted EBITDA margin of 34%, with adjusted EBITDA growing 50% to over $22 million and net income for the quarter more than doubling to $13 million. As we look forward to 2024 and beyond, we expect that continued high revenue growth will drive further expansion of our margins and enhancement of our profitability metrics. From a commercial perspective, MACI sustained growth has been driven by continued expansion of our surgeon customer base, as we had another year of double-digit growth in surgeons taking biopsies in 2023. We’re now approaching 50% penetration of our current 5,000 target surgeons. The expansion of our surgeon base and the corresponding growth in biopsies has fueled MACI ‘s success and helped drive sales rep productivity to its highest level ever at $2.2 million per rep in 2023. Our commercial team continues to execute high-quality peer-to-peer programs to help drive surgeon uptake and we had our highest number of programs to-date in the fourth quarter, demonstrating that interest in MACI continues to grow. In addition, MACI’s positive long-term clinical outcomes were highlighted in a prospective study published in the American Journal of Sports Medicine last week. The study showed improved clinical scores, high levels of patient satisfaction, and clinical and MRI-based outcomes that were maintained out to 10 years for patients treated with MACI. The study also showed excellent long-term outcomes for MACI patients treated for both patellofemoral and femoral condyle defects, which is the focus of our MACI Arthro program. Based on the strength of MACI’s clinical outcomes, topline revenue performance and its underlying growth drivers, our core MACI business remains very well-positioned for continued strong growth in 2024 and the years ahead. Looking beyond this core MACI growth to our lifecycle management and indication expansion initiatives, we announced last month that our MACI arthroscopic delivery submission was accepted for review by the FDA and that we expect to launch MACI Arthro in the third quarter of this year. As we previously discussed, the MACI Arthro kit targets 2 to 4 square centimeter femoral condyle defects, which comprise the largest segment of our addressable market, representing approximately 20,000 patients per year or roughly one-third of the $3 billion addressable market for MACI. In January, the USPTO issued a patent covering the complete set of MACI Arthro instruments into 2043, underscoring our market research indicating that orthopedic surgeons view MACI Arthro as a meaningful innovation in the cartilage repair market, and that regardless of their current MACI usage, surgeons expect to shift a meaningful share of their procedures to the MACI Arthro procedure. Our pre-launch commercial activities are well underway. In addition, in connection with the MACI Arthro launch, we’ll be expanding our surgeon target base from 5,000 to approximately 7,000 surgeons, to include surgeons that perform high volumes of cartilage repair predominantly through arthroscopic procedures. Based on our experience to-date, we’d expect to achieve more than 50% penetration of this larger target surgeon base over time, meaning that surgeon adoption and biopsy growth will continue to be important growth drivers for MACI in the years ahead. We’re very excited about the anticipated launch of MACI Arthro later this year, as we believe it represents another significant growth opportunity for MACI and a key value driver for our business moving forward. We’re also advancing our MACI development program for the treatment of cartilage injuries in the ankle and expect to initiate the MACI ankle clinical study in 2025. Cartilage defects in the ankle represent the second largest market opportunity for MACI, and we believe that a potential ankle indication, with an estimated $1 billion addressable market, could be another significant growth driver for MACI in the next decade and beyond. Turning to our burn care franchise, we also saw strength in the underlying business fundamentals for Epicel in the fourth quarter, as we had the highest number of Epicel biopsies in the quarter since 2021 and that momentum has carried into 2024 with a strong start to the year. We continue to see positive pull-through for Epicel from our expanded burn care sales team, which further supports our belief that Epicel will benefit from a larger commercial footprint and higher share of voice in the burn care market. With respect to NexoBrid, our burn care team is executing on the initial phases of our launch plan, following commercial availability of the product in the U.S., beginning in the fourth quarter of last year. Our commercial and medical teams remain focused on building a strong foundation for NexoBrid by supporting P&T committee approvals to enable burn care center access to NexoBrid, training burn surgeons and their staffs, and supporting initial cases at burn centers to ensure successful patient outcomes. We’re pleased with the progress that we made in the fourth quarter in terms of the early launch phase key performance indicators for onboarding burn centers. As of the end of 2023, more than 50 burn centers had submitted packages to their P&T committees, more than 25 centers had gained P&T committee approval and nearly 20 centers placed in initial product order. While our performance on these metrics was strong, as we mentioned on our call, the manufacturing-related delay in 2023 and the resulting uncertainty around the ultimate timing of product availability did cause a number of burn centers to defer or delay NexoBrid training and P&T committee approval processes, which in addition to the typical administrative hurdles at hospitals, impacts ordering patterns and the timing of use and uptake at many of these centers. Most importantly, however, the clinical outcomes for the initial patients treated with NexoBrid and the feedback from burn surgeons treating those patients has been very positive, which serves as a great signal for the long-term potential of NexoBrid as we look to change the standard of care for eschar removal for patients with severe burns. In addition to the progress with initial burn center onboarding, we also completed a number of initiatives designed to build a strong foundation for NexoBrid commercial success over time. In the fourth quarter, we submitted a supplemental BLA for a pediatric indication for NexoBrid that was accepted for review by the FDA. In terms of commercial access, CMS granted NexoBrid a permanent J code and transitional pass-through payment status, which became effective in January, and provides a reimbursement pathway for the outpatient treatment of appropriate NexoBrid patients in our target burn centers, as well as additional hospitals over time. So, overall, we’re very pleased with the strong surgeon interest in NexoBrid, our progress in market access activities and onboarding burn centers, the excellent clinical outcomes and positive feedback from surgeons treating patients, and the clear impact that our broader burn care portfolio and expanded sales team is having on Epicel. We believe that all of these factors will enable the company to build a strong foundation for NexoBrid in 2024, meaningfully contribute to our burn care franchise revenue this year, enables the company to have a second high-growth franchise in burn care moving forward. Finally, turning to guidance for 2024, we expect continued strong revenue growth of 20%-plus, with full year revenue of $237 million to $241 million, driven by the continued strength in our core portfolio, our first full year of NexoBrid revenue, which will contribute to growth this year, and even more meaningfully so next year, and the anticipated launch of MACI Arthro in the third quarter, which is expected to generate some revenue towards the end of the year and support a sustained high level of growth for MACI and the company in 2025 and beyond. We also expect that our sustained high revenue growth will drive further expansion of our margins and growth in our profitability metrics. I’ll now turn the call over to Joe.

Joe Mara: Thanks, Nick, and good morning, everyone. Starting with our 2023 financial results, total net revenue for the full year was $197.5 million, representing growth of 20%. Total net revenue in the fourth quarter was $65 million, with growth of 23%, driven by strong results from both of our franchises. MACI revenue of $164.8 million for the full year was above our guidance range, growing 25% versus the prior year. For Q4, MACI revenue was $56.7 million and grew 51% over the third quarter and 22% versus the prior year, as we continued our momentum in the MACI business with our sixth consecutive quarter, with growth over 20%. Total burn care revenue for the full year was $32.7 million, consisting of $31.6 million of Epicel revenue and $1.1 million of NexoBrid revenue. In the fourth quarter, our total burn care revenue increased by 31%, with Epicel growth of 22% and the addition of NexoBrid revenue in the quarter, leading to a very strong fourth quarter burn care result. Growth profits for the year was $135.6 million or 69% of net revenue, an increase of approximately 200 basis points compared to 2022. For the quarter, growth profit was $48.5 million or 75% of net revenue, which also increased by 200 basis points versus last year and represents the highest gross margin for the company in any quarter to-date. In addition, our pull-through of incremental revenue to gross profit has now returned to levels similar to 2019, with the pull-through to gross margin of 83% for the fourth quarter and nearly 80% for the full year. Total operating expenses for the year were $142 million, compared to $126.8 million in 2022. For the quarter, operating expenses were $35.8 million, compared to $32.2 million for the same period in 2022. The increase in operating expenses in 2023 was primarily due to increased headcounts and related employee expenses, lease expense associated with the company’s new facility that is under construction, variable sales and marketing expenses, as well as other external expenses. Net income for the fourth quarter more than doubled to $13 million or $0.26 per share, compared to net income of $5.9 million or $0.12 per share for the fourth quarter of 2022. For the full year, our net loss was $3.2 million or $0.07 per share, compared to a loss of $16.7 million or $0.35 per share in 2022, representing an improvement of nearly $14 million on a year-over-year basis. Non-GAAP-adjusted EBITDA for the year grew 40% to $33.9 million or 17% of net revenue, compared to $24.2 million or 15% of net revenue in 2022. For the quarter, adjusted EBITDA grew 50% to $22.3 million or 34% of net revenue, an increase of approximately 600 basis points versus 28% in the fourth quarter last year. Importantly, our adjusted EBITDA growth of 40% for the full year is double our topline revenue growth of 20% and our adjusted EBITDA growth of 50% in the fourth quarter is more than double our revenue growth of 23%, as our results continue to demonstrate very strong P&L leverage and a top-tier profitability profile. In addition, the company has now consistently generated positive adjusted EBITDA each quarter for more than three years and continues to convert adjusted EBITDA into strong cash flow. We generated operating cash flow of $35.3 million in 2023 and ended the year with $152.6 million in cash, restricted cash, and investments and no debt, up from approximately $140 million to start the year, as our cash balance increased in 2023, despite CapEx investments for our new facility. Turning to our financial guidance for 2024, we’re using a similar guidance framework to start the year that we used in 2023 for both MACI and our burn care franchise. For the full year, we expect total company revenue of $237 million to $241 million, representing growth of approximately 20% to 22%, driven by continued strong growth in both of our franchises. With MACI on track for another strong year, Epicel benefiting from a high share — higher share of voice and NexoBrid early in its launch phase, we have multiple paths to our 20%-plus total revenue guidance for the year. We expect another year of growth for MACI — another year of strong growth for MACI, and as a starting point, we expect full year revenue growth in the high-teens percentage range, with biopsy surgeon growth, biopsy growth and an increase in price continuing to serve as the key MACI growth drivers. For the burn care franchise, we expect growth of over 30% the full year, based on significantly improved Epicel trends over the past several quarters, plus the initial revenue contribution from NexoBrid. For the first quarter, we expect a strong start to the year, with total company revenue of approximately $48 million to $50 million, representing approximately 20% revenue growth at the midpoint. We expect Q1 MACI revenue of $38.5 million to $39.5 million and for burn care, we expect total revenue in the first quarter to be $9.5 million to $10.5 million, with the vast majority of revenue coming from Epicel, which is trending above our recent run rate, based on the strength of biopsies to close out 2023 and NexoBrid revenue to be in a similar range as Q4. Moving down to P&L, for the full year, we expect gross margin of approximately 70% and adjusted EBITDA margin of approximately 20%, which would imply another year of very strong adjusted EBITDA growth of around 40%. We would expect similar quarterly trends in terms of seasonality and progression for both our gross margin and adjusted EBITDA margin percentages throughout the year and we would expect operating expenses to be approximately $165 million for the full year. Finally, we anticipate an increase in capital investment for the buildout of our new manufacturing and headquarters facility, with our share of construction costs expected to be in the $50 million range for 2024. In total, this guidance points to continued high revenue growth in 2024 with further enhancement of our top-tier profitability profile. In addition, we would also anticipate continued strong revenue growth in 2025 with a full year of arthroscopic masonry and further acceleration of NexoBrid usage, as well as continued expansion in our key profitability metrics. This now concludes our prepared remarks. We will open the call to your questions.

Operator: Thank you. [Operator Instructions] Our first question comes from Ryan Zimmerman with BTIG. Please go ahead.

Ryan Zimmerman: Good morning. Can you hear me okay?

Nick Colangelo: We can. Good morning, Ryan.

Ryan Zimmerman: Good morning and congrats on a really strong 2023. I appreciate all the commentary on guidance this morning, Joe. I’m wondering if you could talk a little bit about seasonality on the topline, though. I mean, it is kind of a normal year relative to year’s prior with the launch of NexoBrid, potentially some benefit late in the fourth — in the third quarter and fourth quarter for arthroscopic MACI. I’m just curious if you could kind of expand a little bit on that in terms of how to think about maybe seasonality and pacing this year, given it is a little abnormal?

Joe Mara: Yeah. So thanks for the question, Ryan, and good morning. I can hit on that and maybe I’ll just start at a high level with guidance just to make sure people understand the framework and then I can touch on the seasonality as part of that. So first off, from a total company perspective, as we talked about in that 20% plus range, very consistent with our messaging to close out last year and early this year at JPM, where we updated our corporate presentation and thinking for this year in 2025. Importantly, as part of that question, we’re using the same framework we used last year. Obviously, a higher starting point for the company and both franchises, so it is a bit higher, but same framework, which is important. So on MACI and I’ll touch on the seasonality. So on MACI, from a framework perspective, again, it’s very similar to 2023, which is starting the year, assuming our key growth drivers are surgeon — continued surgeon in growth, which has been strong. That leads to additional buyout season volumes, an increase in price. So that gets you into the, call it, high-teens on a full year basis. And so as part of your question, I would say, we factored in some impact from the arthroscopic launch. It’s really more, I would say, from a Q4 perspective, but I wouldn’t say that meaningfully changes kind of how we’re thinking about seasonality from a MACI perspective. So it certainly could have some impact because we do think ours will have an impact in Q4, but to start, I wouldn’t think from a quarterly perspective, it’ll be significant relative to last year, kind of what an average year looks like. So if you think about MACI and we talked about in the prepared remarks, I think, a good place to start, we’re not giving formal product guidance, but we did want to touch on kind of our framework across the franchises. So if you assume MACI is kind of in that high-teens, as we talked about, which is higher than our starting point for last year, that gets you in the kind of low-to-mid 190s on a full year basis. So for example, if you use kind of 18% or $194 million, that would kind of lead to burn care, which the balance at our midpoint would be about $45 million. And so from a burn care perspective, and then I’ll tie in the seasonality as part of it, I think, that would certainly be pretty strong growth and by 30% — more than 30% at that midpoint, and call it, $45 million [ph]. And again, I think what’s really important is, a couple of things. One, there’s certainly a range of possibilities across the product. So we don’t know exactly what that’s going to look like across Epicel and NexoBrid. And again, we’re not giving specific product guidance, but we’ll talk a little bit about framework. But I think, to that framework perspective, again, very similar to last year, which is we came out of 2022 a year ago and said, we think we can grow our Epicel run rate off that exit rate. Our expectation is kind of the same this year. So last year, if you remember, we were coming out of the year, kind of call it the $6 million to $7 million run rate range on Epicel, and actually, if you look back at where we ended 2023, our run rate in the last three quarters was more like, call it, $8 plus million around $8.3 million. So our exit rate on Epicel is actually really a $33 million number and we certainly think it’s reasonable to grow that number. So last year, we grew that exit rate over 20% and even more if you assume the starting point for like $6 million, and prior to COVID on Epicel, we generally grew in kind of the 20% range. So, our expectation on Epicel obviously can vary from quarter to quarter. But from a full year perspective, we certainly think it’s reasonable to again assume cause a low double-digit growth. And importantly, we’re seeing a higher share of voice, we had a strong Q4 in terms of biopsies, and part of that equation is an increase in price, we do take price increases on Epicel. So it’s certainly reasonable to expect, I think, low double digits, which would be lower than last year and lower than pre-COVID years from relative to the exit rate on Epicel. So obviously, from a seasonality perspective there, as well, that can vary quarter-to-quarter, but we think from a full year perspective, that’s probably a pretty good place to start. So, if you assume that, for example, call it, low double-digit or double-digit range, you’re kind of probably the starting point is, I think, a good scenario is, call it, $37 million to $38 million, for example. So, in that scenario, NexoBrid would be in that $7 million to $8 million range, and clearly, NexoBrid, obviously, very early in the launch, it’s still difficult to predict the absolute number, let alone the quarterly numbers, we have not given any specific guidance to-date on 2024 and that’s still difficult, obviously, a few a month and a few weeks in the launch or a quarter rather than a few weeks in the launch. But we would expect kind of progression throughout the year on NexoBrid. So again, Epicel can vary a bit, as we know from quarter-to-quarter. I think it’s safe to assume that NexoBrid will continue to build during the year. So there will be a degree of seasonality, certainly in NexoBrid. But just to bring it back, I wouldn’t assume anything materially different on MACI, and again, Epicel is a typical quarterly volatility.

Ryan Zimmerman: Thank you for all that color. That’s very, very appreciative. Maybe just to ask on NexoBrid, I think people were hoping it would kind of get rolling pretty quickly here. You’re guiding to kind of a similar level from the fourth quarter. Talk to us about kind of how the process is going. I mean, clearly, there’s interest, you wouldn’t have that many sites ordering this early if there wasn’t. But how do you think about kind of the early adoption of NexoBrid from what you’re seeing so far a couple weeks in the launch? Thanks for taking questions.

Nick Colangelo: Yeah. Hey, Ryan. This is Nick, I’ll start and then, Joe, can kind of talk about sort of the dynamics of the distribution system. But from our perspective, as you referenced, whether it’s our market research or independent work that others have done, I mean, there is this high level of interest from surgeons in NexoBrid. There’s no doubt about that. Obviously, we — the team’s done a great job on in terms of the onboarding of burn centers and we’ll continue to keep adding those burn centers. With the delay last year, there was an interruption to sort of the onboarding process for many centers when the product did become available. Obviously, those that were farther along were able to kind of finish out that process and start making some initial orders. And with respect to other centers where they had really kind of put things on hold, it was a re-engagement process. And all of that’s going really well, obviously. Importantly, we think about this, obviously, as we’ve always said, over the long-term, when you’re changing the standard-of-care for what burn surgeons have done for the last several decades in terms of their eschar removal protocols, et cetera, those things take time. But making great progress, and importantly, we take great care to make sure we support the initial patient applications and treatments. The outcomes have been great. The surgeons’ feedback has been great. So, we think we’re kind of where we thought we’d and sort of making the progress that we would expect.

Joe Mara: Yeah. And just to add a little bit as well on the NexoBrid side. So, first, as Nick said, obviously, the metrics have been very strong to start. The clinical feedback has been very positive. So, those are great signals. I think it is important to understand, we’re early in the launch, and a couple of things just to point out, which is, again, the distribution on NexoBrid is very different than MACI and Epicel. And just as a reminder, we have a 3PL that kind of manages our inventory and then the distribution network that’s in place consists of multiple specialty distributors. Some have multiple locations and we recognize revenue when those specialty distributors order from our 3PL. The second kind of part of the channel, if you will, is then the burn centers and hospitals order from those FTs. It might be the one that they typically work with, most likely or some different products at their centers. So when they order, that drives additional orders from our FTs each quarter and then leads to our quarterly revenue. And then lastly, it’s important to remember that both the FTs and the hospitals will keep some level of inventory, which can vary and impact ordering patterns. So just briefly, as you kind of think about the first couple quarters of launch, again, Q3, that was, if you remember in Q3, we got commercial availability very late in the quarter. So that was essentially the FTs kind of ordering from a channel perspective in Q3 and we didn’t really get into the market and start treating patients until Q4. That’s the quarter where hospitals start ordering from FTs and kind of it’s in the market, et cetera. And generally, I think what we’ve seen is a lot of the burn centers that were more physicians, sorry, more familiar with NexoBrid, some of the burn surgeon KOLs, as well as the hospitals that were farther along in the P&T process, even when things were disrupted last year. So that was as anticipated that leads to essentially some initial stocking at hospitals. And now as we get into Q1, we’re seeing continued use on patients. We’re seeing some of those hospitals start to use that inventory that can then lead to some reorders. And at the same time, as Nick mentioned, the team’s working to add new centers on top of the ones that have already ordered and working through some of those administrative challenges at the burn centers. So I think as these dynamics play out, particularly early in the launch, it’s going to take some time for ordering patterns to normalize at both the FTs and the hospitals, which is anticipated, I would say, at kind of this point in the launch. And lastly, again, we have one quarter of history and still a few weeks left in Q1. And again, unlike MACI and Epicel, we have a ton of history and data. We won’t know exactly what those FT orders look like until we get later in the quarter and so there’s still a range of outcomes, I would say.

Ryan Zimmerman: All fair. Thanks guys for the very comprehensive answers. Appreciate it.

Joe Mara: Thanks, Ryan.

Nick Colangelo: Thanks, Ryan.

Operator: Thank you. One moment for our next question. Our next question comes from Mike Kratky with Leerink Partners. Please go ahead.

Mike Kratky: Hi, everyone. Thanks for taking our questions. Can you speak to how you’re thinking about how quickly you can get traction in the new target surgeon population once you get arthroscopic approval? I mean, do you get the sense there’s pent-up demand from surgeons that are not currently using MACI presently, but will start doing implants once you have arthroscopic approval?

Nick Colangelo: Yeah. Hey, Mike. This is Nick. Obviously, as we said, we’re really excited about MACI Arthro for the reasons we’ve described. It targets the largest segment of our addressable market. It will be the only arthroscopic restorative cartilage repair procedure for these femoral condyle defects of a certain size. So we think this is going to be very meaningful for us as we move forward. Obviously, we can’t at this point, since it’s not an approved method of administration, be out there talking generally to surgeons. But we are working with a couple dozen surgeons through the human factors study, voices at customer labs, additional trainings, et cetera. And I’ll just say the enthusiasm from the surgeons who have been exposed to the new instruments has been significant and great. So they’re really excited about it and I would expect that that will translate to those who aren’t as familiar with it right now. And I would just, last point would be that, for these surgeons, if you look at our addressable market, right now, the vast majority of cartilage repair procedures are done arthroscopically, whether it’s chondroplasties, microfracture. Those are the things that make up the majority of the cartilage repair market. So this kind of is right in the wheelhouse for those surgeons in terms of how they currently do their cartilage repair procedures. And there’s nothing out there that has the clinical outcomes that MACI has. So, we think that combination is going to be very powerful for us as we move forward.

Mike Kratky: Got it. Yeah. I really appreciate the color there. And then maybe just as a follow-up. Is it reasonable to think that as you get arthroscopic approval, that could ultimately lead to an improvement in the conversion rate just as more implants end up getting done over time? Is that available?

Nick Colangelo: Yeah. Well, we certainly believe and our surgeons believe that, number one, with a less invasive procedure that obviously there’s better aesthetic outcomes, there’s less post-operative pain and we would expect there to be faster post-surgical recoveries, and that is something from a medical affairs perspective that we’ll be focused on as soon as we launch the product and generating data that actually supports what I think everybody expects to be the case. So, yeah, I think that is very much in line with sort of what we’re thinking.

Mike Kratky: Got it. Thanks very much.

Nick Colangelo: Okay. Thanks, Mike.

Operator: Thank you. One moment for our next question. Our next question comes from Richard Newitter with Truist Securities. Please go ahead.

Sam Brodovsky: Hey. Sorry. It’s actually Sam on. Thanks for taking the questions. Just first one, on MACI, can you just sort of walk us through the price dynamic in 2023 and then any changes there for 2024 and how should we be thinking about that impacting revenue and any price impact from arthroscopic as well?

Nick Colangelo: Yeah. Hey, Sam. This is Nick. So, yeah, so we’ve spoken before about sort of we routinely take annual price increases for MACI. We, of course, expect to do that this year as well. We’ve typically taken a mid-year price increase. The — with respect to arthroscopic MACI, MACI’s reim — — the product itself obviously is reimbursed under a J code. That pricing will not change whether a surgeon delivers MACI in a mini arthrotomy or an arthroscopic procedure. So that won’t impact it. The CPT codes is the same. So the reimbursement for the surgeon will be the same for the procedure. We do anticipate charging. This will be a disposable set of instruments and we do expect to charge for those instruments. So much like our MACI biopsy kits where there’s a line item in our financial filings that you can see. We expect that these instruments will generate some revenue for the company and offset some other costs potentially over time. But really the main revenue driver is the reimbursement for the implant itself.

Sam Brodovsky: Great. Thanks for that. And then thanks for all the really detailed great color earlier. That was really helpful. I did just want to touch a little more on Epicel given the quarterly volatility this product can have. Can you just give us a little more insight into the visibility you have into that sort of run rate through the year and why you’re so confident again? Thanks.

Nick Colangelo: Yeah. I’ll start and Joe can kind of chime in. I think Joe referenced it in the prepared remarks that historically and pre-COVID, I mean, things got a little more variable during COVID, obviously. And we would always say probably a safe place to start the year, assuming high single-digit to low double-digit growth for Epicel. We kind of routinely outperformed that. But again, given sort of less visibility than we have, for instance, with MACI, we kind of always just assume that kind of communicated, I should say, that that was a good place to start. I would say that over the past essentially three quarters now Epicel with a larger share of voice has been sort of returning. It’s not even back to its highest levels ever and but we’ve seen it kind of get back routinely into more of like an $8 plus million run rate. And the market’s kind of normalized. The — we had some dynamics with respect to our largest customer that have now been resolved at their facility, not Epicel related, but other issues. And so all of that is kind of normalized and so we’re kind of back into sort of that place we were in from prior years. And so, again, obviously, we have — when we have a biopsy quarter, like we did in the fourth quarter, we know that’s going to create strength into the year, as we discussed earlier. So, yeah, we’re feeling pretty good about it. And again, we said all along that we expected pull through for Epicel from having a larger share of voice. We’re in more hospitals than we were previously and all that. It had an impact starting kind of the middle of last year, as we talked about on earlier calls and it continues to have an impact.

Joe Mara: Yeah. Just to add — just to kind of reiterate or add a little bit, Sam, kind of the earlier question around seasonality ties into it and guidance, et cetera. But I think it is important to recognize Epicel meaningfully grew versus where it exited 2022. Sometimes it’s a little bit tough to look at calendar years, but we know it was running in the $6 million to $7 million range. Again, if you just use the last couple of quarters of 2022, it was kind of high 6s. Now we’re above $8 million. I mean, that’s more than 20% growth, which also lines up historically to kind of where we were. And again, as we think about kind of growth on a full year basis, just to reiterate, there’s multiple components there. So we think the volume can be a bit better and we’re starting to see some signs of that with a larger footprint and the share of voice. But also, as I said earlier, there’s a price component to there as well. So as you think about call low double-digit growth on Epicel, and again, that’s one scenario within our guidance and burn care there can be shifts along the franchise products, but the one I referenced, I mean, that’s below where we were last year. So I certainly think that’s a reasonable expectation. Again, it could vary quarter-to-quarter in terms of how we get there, but we think that’s certainly a reasonable expectation going into the year.

Sam Brodovsky: That’s great. Thanks for taking the questions.

Joe Mara: Thanks, Sam.

Operator: Thank you. One moment for our next question. Our next question comes from George Sellers with Stephens. Please go ahead.

George Sellers: Hey. Good morning and thanks for taking the question. Maybe to shift gears a little bit to the margin guidance, I’m just curious, what does that assume in terms of the improvement driven by price versus NexoBrid and Epicel ramping up? And then what’s also sort of assumed related to investment for commercializing arthroscopic delivery?

Joe Mara: Yeah. So good morning, George, and thanks for the question. So I’ll kind of hit that and just make sure we talk a little bit about some of the guidance beyond the revenue So as we talked about we’re expecting improvement in gross margin from high 60s last year to 70. On adjusted EBITDA, we ended last year on a full year basis at 17. We think we could be around that 20% number this year. First off, to just kind of point out, I did comment in my prepared remarks, but as you think about that guidance, I would say, it’s also important to think about the quarterly progression and the trends there. So the way kind of our business works with just some of the seasonality and whatnot is we typically see improving kind of margins throughout the year, particularly Q1 often ends up being kind of on the low end and then Q4 obviously ends up being on the higher end. So there’s going to be a progression, I would say, and you can really reference last year’s trajectory and assume probably some something similar on a year-over-year basis with some improvement and there could obviously be some puts and takes within quarters. In terms of kind of what’s driving kind of the margin improvement, I would say, and I guess, on the last piece on the OpEx side just before I go there, we did talk about call it mid-160s, I think, I mentioned $165 million from an OpEx perspective, and from an investment perspective, it’s the things we’ve been talking about. So certainly we’ll want to make sure Arthro is set up for success. There’s some spend there to kind of get ready from a commercial perspective, to make sure the instruments are ready. So that is clearly a priority investment this year to make sure that it’s successful. And then things like ankle from a lifecycle management and other investments, just they’re probably more modest, but things to make sure things like NexoBrid are kind of continuing to track. So those remain the investment areas. Our — certainly our leverage broadly is driven by the topline growth being sustained at a high level. We certainly want to make sure we manage our OpEx growth at a lower level than that and we did that last year, and that’s certainly our plan this year. In terms of kind of what flows through to the margin, certainly as we talked about NexoBrid kind of fits into the margin profile from a gross margin perspective. So that’s helpful. And then some of that to your question, obviously, as you take increases in price, that certainly helps from a gross margin perspective. But there’s also just some natural leverage in the business and I think we’re starting to see where, again, if we can kind of manage our costs at a lower level, then overall revenue, we’re going to see that pull through. And then lastly, I talked about in the fair remarks, but you can also see just we also talk about pull-through in terms of how much is dropping to the bottomline. Like if you look at Q4 last year that was really strong in the adjusted EBITDA line pull-through and gross margin, both Q4 and full year kind of that 80% range. So I think that’s kind of where it needs to be last year and something we’re focused on maintaining this year.

George Sellers: Okay. That’s really helpful color. I appreciate all that detail. You touched on MACI ankle. Just curious with that clinical study initiating in 2025 and then you’ve also talked about getting close to 30% adjusted EBITDA margins in 2025 and beyond, how do we sort of reconcile those two items and what should we think about in terms of the investments for launching that clinical trial?

Nick Colangelo: Yeah. Hey, George. Nick. As we’ve talked about this study has always been sort of planned and is included in sort of the longer term projections that we’ve given. This is not a large study by pharma or biotech standards. It’ll be very much like the summit study that was the pivotal study for MACI in the knee somewhere call it up around 200 patients. It’ll take a couple of years to enroll. So it’s kind of single-digit-million dollars kinds of study and so it’s, again, not compared to our overall sort of OpEx and investment. It’s really not that significant.

George Sellers: Okay. Great. Thank you all again for the time.

Nick Colangelo: All right. Thank you.

Joe Mara: Thanks, George.

Operator: Thank you. One moment for our next question. Our next question comes from Jeffrey Cohen with Ladenburg. Please go ahead.

Jeffrey Cohen: Hi, Nick and Joe. How are you?

Nick Colangelo: Great. Well.

Joe Mara: Good, Jeff.

Jeffrey Cohen: A couple of quick ones from our end. So, when you talk about MACI Arthro and the surgeon population expanding out from 5,000 to 7,000, how do we equate that or think about the overall TAM as there’s certainly some other levers out there? Is that a 40% greater TAM or what might we think?

Nick Colangelo: Yeah. So as we talked about previously when you look at our 60,000 patient TAM clearly MACI’s a go-to product in patella and larger defects on the femoral condyle or other areas of the knee. We do get business on these 2 to 4 square centimeter defects in the femoral condyle, but just our penetration rate there is lower and we think MACI arthroscopic will allow us to have deeper penetration there. So, for MACI Arthro, it’s really about sort of deeper penetration into the existing addressable market of $3 billion plus. The TAM expansion for MACI occurs when you move to other joints and that’s where MACI ankle comes into play. And as I mentioned in my prepared remarks, that’s about a$1 billion addressable market opportunity for us with around 20,000 eligible patients per year.

Jeffrey Cohen: Okay. Got it. And then, lastly, first, could you talk about cash a little bit? You had a strong Q4 with $10 million of free cash flow. Any thoughts on cash? I know that some portion of that would be for the facility, but any thoughts there?

Joe Mara: Yeah. So I think we talked about a pretty strong year from kind of a cash flow perspective. I think it was great to end the year at a higher place than we started, even as we started funding the building. I think as I talked about the prepared remarks, I mean, this is more the year where you’re going to see some more substantial kind of capital or cash kind of allocated to our new building, but we also expect to continue to generate kind of new cash — additional cash and sort of self-fund that. So that’s probably the key dynamic, I would say, as you think about the cash flow in 2024.

Jeffrey Cohen: Okay. Perfect. That does it for us. Thanks for the questions.

Joe Mara: Thank you.

Nick Colangelo: Thanks, Jeff.

Operator: Thank you. One moment for our next question. Our next question comes from Swayampakula Ramakanth with HCW. Please go ahead.

Swayampakula Ramakanth: Thank you. Good morning, Nick and Joe. Most of my questions have been answered, but I just have a quick question regarding how to think through NexoBrid, not just over 2024, but even beyond. Just like what we had seen with Epicel, I remember even about a year, year and a half ago, you folks were not quite sure how to talk through the dynamics of Epicel, but now you’re able to give guidance for the year. And also I listened to what Joe had talked about special centers and specialty centers and how the product moves through it. So should we expect similar dynamics or since you have had some learnings with how to commercialize Epicel, NexoBrid probably will get to a decent dynamics earlier than what you had experienced with Epicel?

Nick Colangelo: Yeah. Hey, RK. I’ll try to parse that out and just the variability that we had seen — have seen historically with Epicel is really just a matter of a smaller patient population that you’re typically treating, right? So, if you have a few more or less treatments per year when the average treatment is pretty significant in terms of revenue it can bounce around a little bit and that’s why we kind of historically said before, again, COVID sort of disruptions that starting out high single-digit or low-double digits for Epicel is usually safe ground and we typically outperformed that. So, it’s really kind of reverting back to kind of what we did previously. With NexoBrid, of course, you’re really sort of playing more at the top of the addressable market funnel where there’s multiple times more patients, 30,000 we believe out of 40,000 hospitalized patients each year are eligible for NexoBrid treatment. And so, yeah, once you get through, as Joe was talking, sort of the initial dynamics around specialty distributor stocking, hospital stocking, you have kind of a more mature customer base that has more kind of normalized or routine treatment protocols, then you kind of — we would expect, as we’ve said for a long time, that it will help dampen any variability that you would see with Epicel as NexoBrid kind of revenues grow over time. So, nothing has changed in terms of our belief on how that will play out and sort of our excitement around NexoBrid.

Swayampakula Ramakanth: Thank you. One quick question. So, do you think you have better leading indicators with NexoBrid than obviously it’s difficult to do that with Epicel, but is NexoBrid in a better place in that sense?

Nick Colangelo: Yeah. Well, again, yes. The answer is definitely yes. Because, again, as we kind of get into sort of, you can kind of think about we have a certain number of centers, right, 140 burn centers. We’ve got certain tiered targeting of those. As you onboard those, they get P&T committee approvals and then they start to make their initial order and you see penetration into the patients that they see. You’ll see sort of routine or more routine reordering patterns. And we’re just so early in this right now that those patterns haven’t emerged yet, but once they do, we certainly will have sort of more visibility in terms of forecasting as we go out.

Swayampakula Ramakanth: Perfect. Thank you very much. Thanks for taking my question.

Nick Colangelo: All right. Thank you.

Operator: Thank you. I’m showing no further questions at this time. I’d now like to turn it back to Nick Colangelo for closing remarks.

Nick Colangelo: Okay. Well, thank you everyone for your questions and continued interest in Vericel. Obviously, we had outstanding financial and business results in 2023 and we expect that the momentum in our core portfolio and new product launches will drive continued strong revenue and profit growth in 2024 and the years ahead, so we look forward to talking to you again at our next call and thanks and have a great day.

Operator: Thank you for your participation in today’s conference. This concludes the program. You may now disconnect.


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